As we will explain further below, Turkey was going through a period of hyperinflation in the 1990’s and 2000’s. As a result, the value of the Turkish Lira dropped and the country was forced to mint coins in ever greater denominations.
To avoid having too many zeroes on the coins, the Turkish government decided to use the word ‘One Thousand’ instead, which in Turkish is ‘Bin’. From 1994 until 2004, coins were minted in denominations of 10 bin lira (₺10,000), 25 bin lira (₺25,000), 50 bin lira (₺50,000), 100 bin lira (₺100,000) and 250 bin lira (₺250,000).
Eight countries are part of the European Union but are not part of the Euro area: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark. Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden. Denmark has negotiated an opt-out from the Euro. The other countries have committed to joining the euro area as and when they meet the conditions for entry to the euro area.
One of the entry conditions for a country to join the euro area is to participate in the second version of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM-II) for two years before joining the Euro. This requires the country to pass the ERM-II legislation. As a result, countries can decide not to approve ERM-II laws and thereby not meet the entry conditions for the euro area.
There is no deadline for the remaining EU countries to join the euro area. Some countries, such as Poland and the Czech Republic, have made it clear that they don’t plan to join anytime soon. Other countries, including Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania, are expected to join the Eurozone in the near future. We look at this in more detail in what follows.
The rules around the legal tender status of coins in the UK are set out in the Coinage Act 1971 and the Currency Act 1983. In England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, all coins minted by the Royal Mint and authorised by Royal Proclamation are legal tender.
The following coins are legal tender in the UK:
15,000 of these rock star money bills were rained down on the Foo Fighters fans during the concert, launched from confetti cannons. From a distance the banknotes resemble $100 dollar bills. Upon closer inspection one can spot a number of interesting modifications. These include:
There are a number of theories about why the banknotes of 200 and 500 DDR-marks were never issued. A popular theory is that the value of the banknotes was deemed too high, and that introducing them might have caused inflation.
Another theory is that the banknotes were printed only to be issued in case of war with the West. This is similar to the $4 Billion cash the American Federal Reserve stored in a the Culpeper cold war bunker near Mount Pony, Virginia.